Skin ageing can be due to genetic factors as well as environmental factors such as sun exposure and smoking. The result is an uneven or blotchy appearance to the skin due with dullness, age spots, uneven pigmentation, broken capillaries, fine lines and deep wrinkles. Each of these issues on the skin occurs at different depths within the skin. Dullness can be an issue with the very top layer of the skin while fine lines and wrinkles can be a result of a lack of collagen in the deeper layer of the skin.
Because the skin is a dynamic living thing, every single day its cells are dividing up in the deep layer of the skin and slowly moving to the upper more superficial layer called the epidermis. As new cells grow deep within the skin or dermis, old cells die and are shed from the upper skin or epidermis. So if we can speed up the growth, division and movement of cells through the layers of the skin we can remove and improve some of the issues we see within that skin.
Facial peels involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin which speeds up the shedding of dead skin cells and encourages the formation of new skin cells. Chemical peels work by removing different layers of the skin allowing damaged cells to be removed and replaced by fresher new skin during the healing process. At Rejuven8 Cosmetix we often combine our facial peels with a Microdermabrasion to maximise the beneficial effects by mechanically removing some of the dead damaged skin cells before applying the peeling agent.
There are several types of chemical peels available at Rejuven8 Cosmetix:
Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) Peels
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are naturally occurring organic carboxylic acids such as glycolic acid, a natural constituent of sugar cane juice and lactic acid, found in sour milk and tomato juice. This is the mildest of the peel formulas and produces light peels for treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne. They are carried out by beauticians, aestheticians and nurses.
AHA’s are also available in the skin care ranges available at Rejuven8 Cosmetix to enhance the effects gained from other cosmetic treatments.
AHA peels are used to:
AHA peels may:
Beta hydroxy acid (BHA) peels
It is becoming common for beta hydroxy acid (BHA) peels to be used instead of the stronger alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) peels due to BHA’s ability to get deeper into the pore than AHA. Studies show that BHA peels control oil, acne as well as remove dead skin cells to a certain extent better than AHAs due to AHAs only working on the surface of the skin. At Rejuven8 Cosmetix we commonly use a mixture of both AHA and BHA peels of varying strengths.
Jessner’s peel solution was pioneered by Dr Max Jessner, a German-American dermatologist and it is a common peel to apply to the skin after a Microdermabrasion treatment. When it is applied to the skin there will be a slight stinging sensation and then after a few minutes the peel will settle and dry, leaving a white ‘frosting’ on the skin. It is important to avoid using any creams on the skin or wetting the skin for 24 hours after the peel has been applied. If the peel is moistened it will reactivate and can potentially over peel the skin. It works by breaking down the bridges between the dead skin cells so they can be more effectively shed off the skin later.
Phyto-Pumpkin Enzyme Peel
Among the newest developments in exfoliating facial peels is the Phyto-Pumpkin Enzyme Peel. This alternative to AHA’s, BHA’s and Jessner’s peels, is a fruit acid/enzyme, an exfoliation accelerator, a powerful anti-oxidant, and a mild Vitamin A substitute. As a natural repair therapy, it contains beta carotene and ascorbic acid to combat oxidative, free-radical damage.
Sensitive skins and acne conditions will do better with Phyto-Pumpkin Enzyme Peel because it’s not as sharp or intrusive as glycolic can be on some skins. This peel has the richest source of beta carotene and also contains a full complement of Vitamin A derivatives that decreases the oxidative and free-radical stress associated with other chemical peels.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) Peels
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is used as a superficial to medium peeling agent in concentrations ranging from 10-40%. The stronger peels will be applied by your Cosmetic Doctor.
Trichloroacetic acid peels:
Trichloroacetic acid peels may:
Facial peels of all types are a fantastic way to refine the skin. Even mild peels that hardly peel at all can produce an amazing transformation to sun damaged skin when they are repeated regularly and/or combined with other treatments such as Microdermabrasions. They should form an integral part of any cosmetic rejuvenation treatment plan.